the play macbeth by william shakespeare uses many techniques and symbols to convey paticular concept. shake spaere has used a paticular object throughout the play to portray an important idea. Blood is typically seen as a representation of life and death, in macbeth, shakespeare has perceived blood as a symbol of guilt.
i am in blood stepped so deep
can all neptunes oceans wash this blood from my hands.
- Conflict, both internal and external, in Macbeth helps us understand the main messages of the play. (3-5 quotes)
- “Is this a dagger which I see before me, the handle towards my hand. A dagger of the mind, a false creation, proceeding from the heat-oppressed brain” – MACBETH
Conflict, both internal and external, in Macbeth helps us understand the main messages of the play. “Is this a dagger which I see before me, the handle toward my hand. A dagger of the mind, a false creation, proceeding from the heat oppressed brain”. Macbeths attempt to resist the urge to satisfy his desires of killing King Duncan are being overridden by his mind which is encouraging him to take hold of this ‘dagger’ and proceed with his ……this internal conflict Macbeth’s mind is encouraging him to kill King Duncan, however, he is trying to resist the temptation.
“describe at least one idea that changed your perspective or point of view in the film”
‘there is no gene for the human spirit’
In the futuristic film gattaca, directed by andrew niccol we are introduced into a dystopian society where your status is determined by your genetic make up. In a world where only genetic engineering can give you a perfect lifestyle as a ‘valid’ and where a natural born or genetically inferrior “god child” is identified as an ‘invalid’, vincent as an invalid overcomes his inferrior status, acheiving his goals. A piont in the film where my perception of this idea was enforced is in vincent and geromes house where we see a staircase symbolising a helix. Nearing the end of the movie we see gerome, a prevoisly perfect valid who is now only mobile from the torso up, climbing these stairs (the genetic material) with the determination to fufill vincents dream. This idea conveys to the audience that your genetic make up doesn’t limit yourself to what you are capable of, and that “there is no gene for the human spirit”. although the two men hav ecompletely diferent genetic structure they share the same spirit.
Class model answer:
the 1997 film gattaca by andrew nicol is set in a dystopian future where being anything less than genetically perfect causes you to be disadvantaged in life. the film tells us that there are some things that genetics cant determine. argueably the most important of these is ambition. at the climax of the film, jertome, who no longer has the use of his legs after a earlier suicide attemt, is shown dragging himself up a helix staircase to rescue the genetically “invalid” character Vincent from being discovered by the authorities. many point of veiw shots are used to reinforce jeromes struggly, which, because it is literally with a helix, symbolises the destructive dominance of genetics in their society. this reinforces the veiw that apparently benign genetic selection practeces could rob human society of the very forces that we value the most.
ambition cant also be influenced by genes in the sense that having a disadvantage can quite literally be the stimulis for ambition because a person who has to work harder to get where everyone else is
Act 3, Scene 1
Banquo reveals his fears of Macbeth killing king Duncan, yet wonders if the witches prophecies will come true for his own future. Banquo is welcomed in but Macbeth and Lady Macbeth ensure that Banquo intends to ride with his son Fleance. After Banquo leaves, Macbeth reveals his own fears about Banquo and the fact that by killing duncan he may have just made it easier for Banquo’s sons to be heirs to the throne Macbeth says there is no one he fears accept for Banquo, “there is none but he whose being I do fear”
Act 3, Scene 2
When lady Macbeth confronts Macbeth about his behaviour (on edge and secretive), he explains that they are still in danger and expresses his worries about Fleance, Banquo and the prophecies. Macbeth reveals that their evil deeds must continue In order to become safe and secure. He plans for 3 murderers to defeat Banquo and fleance on their ‘ride’. ” O! full of scorpions is my mind, dear wife! Thou know’st that Banquo and his Fleance lives.”
Act 3, Scene 3
Whist Banquo and Fleance are out for their ride a third murderer appears, sent by Macbeth for the ambush.The assasination takes a wrong turn and after Banquo is killed (by multiple stabs to the face) his son Fleance escapes “there’s but one down: the son is fled”.
Act 3, Scene 4
At the castle Macbeth welcome the lord to the banquet. A murderer reports to Macbeth that Banquo is dead but fleance escaped. After sitting down Macbeth sees Banquos ghost and begins loosing his mind “Thy bones are marrow less, thy blood is cold”. Lady Macbeth tries to act as if it’s normal in attempt to prevent Macbeth from leaking any information. The Banquet ends and Macbeth decides to meet with the witches the next day.
Act 3, Scene 5
Macbeth Act 2
Act 2, Scene 1
On a dark moonless, and star lacking night, a wrestles Macbeth cannot sleep and bumps into Banquo and his son Fleance (holding a sword in protection of Macbeth’s plans to become king) who are also wondering round the castle. Under a fake act of friendliness they chat about the witches and plan to revisit the subject another time. Macbeth (alone) presents a soliloquy about how he is seeing a vision of a dagger, covered in blood, reaching toward him. “is this a dagger which I see before me, the handle toward my hand?”
Act 2, Scene 2
Macbeth goes off to murder king Duncan while Lady Macbeth drugs the guards. Macbeth returns from killing king Duncan and is paranoid and disturbed about is actions as he heard a voice inside his head telling him that he would never rest peacefully. Macbeth forgot to return the daggers and cover the guards with blood he the refuses to do so an angry Lady Macbeth does so herself. “Me thought I heard a voice cry, “sleep no more!,Macbeth does murder sleep, “”.“My hands are of your colour; but i shame to wear a heart so white,” When last Macbeth returns a knocking I heard outside the door.
Act 2, Scene 3
Lady Macbeth has framed the guards by drugging them, covering them in Duncan’s blood and planting the daggers with them. Macduff is knocking at the gates with Lenox when the porter lets them in, Macbeth has ‘awakened’ from the knocking. After opening the courtyard door only to find King Duncan dead, Macduff reports his terrible discovery to Macbeth and Lenox. The two rush in and find the king’s dead body once again (for Macbeth). King Duncan’s sons, Malcolm and Donalbain are told of the death, suspecting it was the guards who killed he king, Banquo has his suspicions. Macbeth explains why he has killed the guards. Lady Macbeth plays dumb and pretends to faint. Duncan’s son’s Malcolm and Donalbain aside express their fears of danger. “why do we hold out tongues, that most may claim this argument for ours?”
Act 2, Scene 4
Malcolm plans to flee to England, Donalbain to Ireland. An old man and Rosse discuss the murder outside the castle. Macduff joins them, reporting that Duncan’s son’s have been accused of bribing the guards and that Macbeth has set off to be crowned as King.” They were suborned. Malcolm and Donalbain, the Kings two sons, are stol’n away and fled; which puts upon them suspicion of the deed.”
Personification is a language feature used to give human attributes to objects or places. Throughout lady Macbeth’s speech Shakespeare uses personification to reveal her evil desires, whilst introducing the idea of a greater power to the play. An example of Shakespeare using personification in Lady Macbeth’s soliloquy is when she says “Nor heaven peep through the blanket of the dark”. Whilst also using a metaphor concept here (“blanket of the dark”) Shakespeare uses personification to reveal the concept of shielding Lady Macbeth’s devious plans from a greater power. This use of personification conveys that heaven (a greater power) is lying in a bed, the dark night sky being the bed sheets. Here Lady Macbeth is willing that her plans and actions will be kept a secret, and that heaven will not ‘peep’ over the blanket nor see Lady Macbeth executing king Duncan.
Act 1, Scene 1
Three witches, gathered in a secluded place are plotting to meet again with Macbeth when the battle is over “Where the place? Upon the heath. There to meet with Macbeth.”
Act 1, Scene 2
We are told by a wounded soldier that Macbeth has killed Macdonwald and Rosse reports that Macbeth has also defeated the Norwegians and has the thane of Cawdor held prisoner, ready for execution.
Act 1, Scene 3
The witches meet at the heath where Macbeth and Banquo come upon them. The witches predict that Macbeth will become thane of Cawdor, then king soon after. Banquo is jealous at Macbeth’s fortune and is told by the witches that his (Banquo’s) children will also be kings, meaning that they and Banquo are somehow related to Macbeth. Macbeth only believes the witches as he is then told by Angus and Rosse that he is now thane of Cawdor. Macbeth decides that instead of killing in order to become king he will leave it up to chance. “If chance will have me king, why, chance may crown me”. This is relating to fate, much like in Shakespeare’s other play, Romeo and Juliet, where Romeo says “he that hath the steerage of my course, direct my sail”.
Act 1, Scene 4
After the previous thane of Cawdor is executed from helping the Norweigeins, Malcolm (Duncan’s eldest son) is name Prince of Cumberland. Macbeth then realised that he isn’t next in line for the throne and that for him to become king he must find a way to overthrow Malcolm. “For in my way it lies. Stars, hide your fires! Let not light see my black and deep desires;” This quote is showing that Macbeth is plotting to get rid of Malcolm and he doesn’t want anyone to see or know about his plan.
Act 1, Scene 5
After Malcolm is crowned prince of Cumberland and announced heir to the throne, Lady Macbeth is introduced. She sits in a room in Macbeth’s castle reading a letter from her husband about the witches predictions. When Lady Macbeth’s speech reveals her nature and her intentions. As she thinks that Macbeth doesn’t have the ability to kill, she wills for her feelings to disappear and decides that she will be the one to kill the king. As the king has been invited to Macbeth’s castle that night, Lady Macbeth will do the deed without anyone, including Macbeth, finding out. “Come thick night, And pall thee in the dunnest smoke of hell, That my keen knife see not the wounds it makes”.
Act 1, Scene 6
King Duncan and Banquo arrive at Macbeth’s castle and highlights how welcoming and pleasant the castle is “this Castle hath a pleasant seat”. Lady Macbeth enters and puts on a show about how inviting and thorough she has made their visit.
Act 1, Scene 7
Macbeth reveals to Lady Macbeth that he is second guessing proceeding with the execution plan of killing king Duncan, Lady Macbeth is raged at this and goes on a rant, challenging him to be a man and take upon the job. “art thou afeard to be the same in thine own act and valour, as thou art in desire?” This quote from lady Macbeth is her asking Macbeth if he is really has the guts to actually kill duncan as he desires.
Act 1, Scene 5
After Malcom is crowned prince of Cumberland and announced heir to the throne, Lady Macbeth is introduced. She sits in a room in Macbeths castle reading a letter from her husband about the witches predictions. When Lady Macbeths speech reveals her nature and her intentions. As she thinks that Macbeth doesn’t have the ability to kill, she wills for her feelings to disappear and decides that she will be the one to kill the king. As the king has been invited to Macbeths castle that night, Lady Macbeth will do the deed without anyone, including Macbeth, finding out. “Come thick night, And pall thee in the dunnest smoke of hell, That my keen knife see not the wounds it makes”.
Act 1, Scene 4
After the previous thane of cawdor is executed from helping the norweigeins, Malcom (duncans eldest son) is name Prince of Cumberland. Macbeth then realised that he isn’t next in line for the throne and that for him to become king he must find a way to over throw Malcom. “For in my way it lies. Stars, hide your fires! Let not light see my black and deep desires;” This quote is showing that Macbeth is plotting to get rid of Malcom and he doesn’t want anyone to see or know about his plan.